Here you will find all the information about the types of cars the market offers you today so you can clear all doubts about it.
Types of cars offered by the market
Utilities, sedans, mono-volumes, all-terrain, sports... Are you clear about the types of cars? Depending on the kind of bodies and the commercial segment to which they belong, there is a wide variety of vehicle classifications.
Most popular types of cars
These are the unique types of cars today, and different kinds of brands, models and ranges of vehicles are indeed being added more quickly. That represents the significant growth in the automotive sector that we have had in recent years, that is That's why we've created a detailed car ranking.
Minivans are a type of car based on their bodywork. The interior space integrates into a single volume the luggage compartment, the passenger compartment and the engine compartment. The engine is housed so that it protrudes very little in front of the front axle and is mounted higher and even steeper than in a passenger car to free up space in the cabin. Considering this interior volume, there are other variants: two books (the trunk and passenger compartment are connected) and three volumes (the trunk space and the engine are separated).
Saloon or sedan
Sedans are the best cars for family travel: space and comfort. Also known as sedans, sedans are a type of tourism with three volumes (engine area, interior compartment and trunk). It has four or more seats, two or more doors, and a fixed roof up to the rear window. The main difference between the sedan and the saloon is that in the sedan, the rear window is limited and independent of the tailgate, while in the saloon, the rear window is included in the tailgate.
There are several types of cars, but coupe cars are characterized by having two side doors. Depending on the angle formed by the rear window with the trunk or engine lid, it can be fastback (two volumes) or notchback (three books). It is common for brands to identify models with sports lines with the term coupe.
What is a coupe car? A coupé car is a model with a closed body with two glass doors and two (or more) seats that results from "cutting" a sedan.
The word "coupé" is French and means "cut". The Royal Academy of the Spanish Language recognizes the word "coupe" in Spanish, which, curiously, is used less. Paying attention to the most widespread use in Spanish, the one the public uses, we will refer to the coupé car.
The coupé car is a model with a closed body with two glass doors and two (or more) seats that results from "cutting" a sedan. Initially, we found a type of carriage in which the coachman sat in the front, out in the open, while the passengers sat inside a cockpit through two doors. And this is the key to the coupé: the number of entries, always 2.
A coupé car has, by definition, two side doors. In addition, it refers to vehicles with sporty characteristics. By having only two doors, the rigidity of the body is more significant and, therefore, its behaviour in curves improves, highly appreciated in competition.
It is a traditional compact car. The English term "hatchback" means "rear hatch" and refers to the "rear door" access to the trunk. It is a two-volume vehicle (the chest and the passenger compartment are connected) whose box is integrated into the passenger compartment and has its door with a rear window included. Unlike the family vehicle, the rear window is usually more inclined.
convertible, convertible or cabriolet
Cabrios are a type of car, according to their bodywork, that is characterized by not having a roof or having a removable or folding hood. A variant is the coupé-Cabrio, whose metal roof folds and is collected on the rear.
Roadsters are a type of two-seater sports car with a lightweight convertible body. The term came from English and was used to describe the old convertible sports cars, which had two seats and a folding bench for two other people.
Family, ranchera, break or tourer
Familiar is the most common denomination in our country. It is known as a station wagon in Anglo-Saxon countries and as a break in France and Italy. A family car is a type of body with the roof raised to the tailgate (in this, it differs from hatchback vehicles). It has a greater interior volume for luggage, allowing the third row of seats to be incorporated or increasing luggage capacity. The roof extends to the trunk.
It is a type of vehicle designed initially to travel on winding terrain: earth surfaces, stones, and steep slopes, with traction on two or more axles. It has an independent frame structure and is usually characterized by a powerful engine.
car window tuning
These vehicles arose as a necessity in the wars of the beginning of the 20th century and were adapted for civilian use and used to make crossings, monitor protected areas and move on rough or slippery terrain.
With an appearance similar to off-roaders, crossovers are the kings of the asphalt. They include features such as front protection bars or high suspension, typical of an off-roader, which combine with a more compact aesthetic. They are generally smaller than SUVs.
SUV (Sport Utility Vehicle)
SUVs are trending. Since 2006 its sales have experienced a significant increase. It is a type of car whose concept derives from the all-terrain vehicle with which it shares aesthetics, body height, 4×4 traction and suspension travel, but it is adapted to drive on asphalt. It has less weight than an all-terrain vehicle and greater flexing and torsion capacity. Off-road, on rugged terrain, its performance is more limited than that of an all-terrain vehicle.
Powerful engines, higher top speed, better acceleration and grip. Sports cars are another type of vehicle and the dream of many. They are usually coupe or convertible, as well as two-seaters.
It is a type of truck generally used for the transport of goods. It has an open cargo area at the rear, which is especially useful for transporting bulky objects. The loading platform can be covered by a canvas, fibre, or glass structure.
Types of cars by business segments
Are there more car categories? Having reviewed the main types according to their bodywork and interior volume, it is time to talk about the commercial segments. There are six on the market, which is why we have prepared this classification of cars offered by the market, which includes the different bodies and sizes.
Segment A is the smallest four-seater car on the market. Its size ranges between 3.3 and 3.7 meters. Its body is a hatchback with three or five doors.
Vehicles with a capacity for four adults and one child are included in segment B. With a hatchback or minivan body, they are around 3.9 and 4.2 meters (in the case of sedans and family cars).
Segment C includes vehicles with a capacity for five adults. They measure up to 4.2 meters in hatchback models and 4.5 meters in the case of sedans and family cars.
Sedans and family cars with five seats belong to segment D but with more powerful engines and larger trunks than segment C. They have a size of 4.6 meters.
The maximum comfort saloons, the most significant models (around 4.8 meters), belong to the E segment, while the F segment is reserved for high-end saloons and limousines that exceed five meters in length.
There is a type of car on the market for every need. Bodyworks are designed for ergonomics and comfort, and others are designed for top speed. Do you already know why you should choose a saloon instead of an SUV if you want space and comfort in the trip instead of off-road design?